HYPOGLYCEMIA is a serious side effect of too much insulin, or low blood sugar. Hypoglycemia can be a life threatening, even fatal condition that often happens in very small puppies. If your puppy is monitored carefully you can prevent this condition.
WARNING SIGNS OF HYPOGLYCEMIA
The occurrence of these signs depends upon how low the blood sugar level has fallen and how far into an attack the puppy is. The further down the list the more serious the case.
LETHARGY (LACK OF ENERGY)
UNBALANCED OR WOBBLY WALKING
EXCESSIVE HUNGER OR REFUSAL TO EAT
SHIVERING OR UNCONTROLLABLE TREMBLING
WHAT TO DO DURING AN ATTACK: stay calm and focused. Bring the blood sugar back to a safe level, observe your puppy, and call the vet.
If your puppy is acting strangely,displaying one or several of the above signs, you should assume it is hypoglycemia and act accordingly. This is a situation where it is better to be safe than sorry. If your puppy is not hypoglycemic, then your treatment will have just raised the blood sugar causing no harm to your puppy. If your puppy WAS hypoglycemic, then you probably just saved his life!
While owning a tiny puppy always have Karon or Nutrical syrup, and or honey available.
Karo works well because it is pure sugar in a liquid form. If Karo is not available then use Nutrical, honey, Pancake syrup, or table sugar dissolved in water. Wherever you and your puppy go there should always be an emergency supply of sugar. We recommend Nutrical, a high sugar vitamin to supplement your puppy until it is 4 months old and then as is need during major changes or stressful situations such as; moving, vet visits, grooming, playing with the kids, etc.
Nutrical or a product like it can be obtained in most pet stores or vet offices. If you do not have Nutrical, half a teaspoon of honey, once or twice a day will go a long way in the prevention of hypoglycemia. Also, unflavored Pedialite to drink is a great way to prevent hypoglycemia.
TREATING MILD HYPOGLYCEMIA: If your puppy is showing only mild signs of hypoglycemia, you should treat it by immediately... feed the puppy some of its regular food. The effects of the food may be enough to counteract the hypoglycemia. If you puppy refuses its regular food, try offering it something it thinks of as a treat. ANY FOOD AT THIS POINT IS OK!!!!!!!!!! Your main concern is to get the blood sugar up to eliminate the signs of hypoglycemia. Observe your puppy for several hours to make sure that the hypoglycemia does not happen again. Also give plenty of fluids to drink as hypoglycemic dogs are usually dehydrated.
TREATING MODERATE HYPOGLYCEMIA: Karo or honey should be given, either alone or combined with food. Karo can be mixed in with wet food or poured over dry. The Karo will bring the blood sugar up quickly and the food will help to keep it up. The effect of the Karo will only last for a short period of time and the hypoglycemia may return so observe your pet and give Karo and food as often as needed. Don't forget the water!
SEVERE HYPOGLYCEMIA: If your puppy's case is severe, especially if it is having seizures or unconscious, you must give Karo immediately!
Rub small amounts of the Karo on your puppy's gums. DO NOT put a lot of liquid in the puppy's mouth. This could cause the unconscious puppy to choke! DO NOT stick your fingers in the mouth of a seizing puppy. YOU COULD GET BITTEN!!!!!!!!!
Call your vet!!!!!!!!! If you can not contact your vet, call any vet- and get additional instructions right away!
THE FIRST 48 HOURS! Finally it is time to bring your poodle puppy home. Here are a few preparations that you need to go through to get ready for that new baby.
Create a safe, friendly environment. Here is a checklist:
1- Make sure that all poisonous items are stored out of puppies reach.
2- Remove any poisonous plants.
3- Look at your home from your new puppies point of view and remove hazardous items.
There are things that your new puppy will need so I would suggest purchasing them in advance if possible;
1- Food and Water dishes
2- A collar and a leash.
3- A pin brush for fluffing, and a nice comb. Brushes are great for surface brushing but you really need a comb for getting the mats out and getting down to the skin.
4- Safe and appropriate toys. Usually if a toy and fit comfortable in a puppies mouth it is too small and the puppy may choke on it.
5- A kennel or crate for sleeping in.
6- A baby gate to keep puppy from going where you don't want him to or to keep him from falling down the stairs.
7- Wee Wee pads. They make potty training much easier on you and your new puppy. These pads can be purchased virtually anywhere.
Puppies have different nutritional needs than an adult dog. By feeding a complete and balanced nutritional food you can help maintain healthy teeth, bones, weight, and help keep your dog healthy for a long time to come.
Consistency is the key. Feed your poodle puppy the same food at the same time every day. Puppies should be fed 3-4 times a day.
Don't overfeed your poodle puppy. Too much weight can cause liver and heart problems as well as joint and back problems.
Don't be upset if your puppy's appetite changes. Occasional loss of appetite or digestive upset is normal for growing puppies. Continue your feeding routine. However, should the upset become severe or last for more than a day contact your vet!
Making the transition easy:
1- Decide on a name and use it all the time.
2- Keep your puppy with you at all times. this will keep him out of trouble.
3- Let sleeping puppies lie. They need their rest as much as you do!
4- Teach young children the proper way to hold and care for the puppy.
5- don't leave your poodle puppy unattended with young children or other pets until everyone has adjusted well.
1- Establish a routine and STICK WITH IT!!!!! Take your puppy out after eating and sleeping.
2- Until the puppy is completely trained keep and eye on him!
3- Crate-training is essential!
4- Designate a certain potty area and stick with it!
5- Correct the puppies mistakes only when you catch him in the act. otherwise the puppy will not understand why you are angry with him.
PUPPY PROOFING YOUR HOME!
Puppies are like babies, they are always curious, and they are teething. Since puppies have a low vantage point and can see things that you can’t, it is important to get down on their level when puppy proofing your home.
Here are some suggestions:
1-Confine puppy in a safe area that they can’t escape from.
2- Don’t leave your puppy unsupervised.
3- Keep your puppy off high decks and balconies where he may fall.
4- Store cleaning supplies, soaps, chemicals, poisons, and antifreeze securely out of reach.
5- Remove poisonous houseplants. (See list of poisonous house plants below)
6- Keep the toilet lid down.
7- Remove or cover any electrical cords or outlets.
8- Keep medications out of reach.
9- Make sure you know where your puppy is before closing any doors or leaving the house.
10- Keep sewing supplies, hardware, and coins out of reach.
11- Keep plastic six-pack beverage holders and plastic bags our of reach.
12- Always have important phone numbers like your vet handy.
The following human foods are said to be harmful to dogs.
Alcoholic drinks - can cause intoxication and death
Apple cores - Choking hazard
Apricot pits - Choking hazard
Avocado leaves, fruit, bark and seeds - Toxic.
Baby food that contains onion powder - onion powder is toxic
Bone of Fish and Poultry - can cause choking or lacerations due to the bones splintering
Broccoli - toxic
Cat food - too high in fats and proteins
Chocolate - toxic
Cigarettes, Tobacco, and Cigars - toxic
Citrus oil extracts - causes vomiting
Coffee and Coffee grounds - toxic
Fat trimmings - can cause
Garlic - toxic
Grapes - toxic
Human vitamins that contain Iron - toxic
McAdams nuts - toxic
Moldy and Spoiled foods - toxic
Mushrooms - are toxic
Onions - are toxic
Persimmons - choking hazard and intestinal blockage
Pork Chop Bones - they will splinter and cause choking
Potato peelings - toxic
Raisins - toxic
Raw eggs - causes salmonella
Raw fish - causes a vitamin B deficiency
Rhubarb leaves - toxic
Salt - can lead to an electrolyte imbalance if given in large amounts
Sugar - can lead to obesity
Sugarless candies - toxic
Tomato leaves and stems - toxic
Yeast dough - the gas gets trapped in the digestive system causing major problems
Xylitol - ingredient found in chewing gum, gumdrops, tictacs and other sugar free candies. It is used as a sweetener and is extremely toxic. Check the ingredients on your rescue remedy as they are adding this, so you will no longer be able to use it on your dogs.
POISONOUS HOUSE PLANTS YOU SHOULD BE AWARE OF:
HOUSE HOLD ITEMS THAT ARE POISONOUS
Fabric Softener Sheets
Kerosene and Gasoline
Phenol and Phenolic compounds
A CHECK A DAY KEEPS THE VET AWAY !
Doing daily checks on your dog can make all the difference in the world. The quicker you can catch something the more simple and cost effective the treatment or solution can be.
It is important to watch how your dog walks, sits, runs, interacts, eats, swallows, defecates, urinates, looks, feels, etc. Any deviation from the norm could be a potential problem.
Here is a check list to help keep your dog in tip top shape from the tip of his nose to the end of his toes;
Check between the toes and the pads of the feet for any cuts, abrasions or foreign bodies such as burrs or fox tails.
Usually if there is any damage to the toes or pads you will notice a change in gait or limping or such behaviors as chewing or licking of the paws.
This is also a great time to do some trimming of the dogs nails. Overgrowth of nails can cause the nails to curl up painfully into the pads of the feet or can become entangled in carpet and get ripped out.
How do you know if they are too long? They should just barely touch the floor when a dog is walking. Any longer and they can become a problem.
Check your dogs teeth often for tartar build up, cracked, missing or broken teeth, smelly breath, discoloration of gums, bleeding or unusual growths or lumps in the mouth indicate a problem. Difficulties in chewing, swallowing, excessive salivating or drooling can also be indicative of a problem.
Brushing your dogs teeth is very important and can help prevent tooth decay and heart problems. You can purchase special dog toothpaste and toothbrushes at most pet stores. Do not use human tooth paste on your pet. The fluoride is not good for them. If you train your pet young to have their teeth brushed, the easier it will be to keep the teeth clean its whole life without costly vet cleanings.
Run your hands over your dogs body keeping an eye out for lumps and bumps. Take a good look at the coat making sure its free of foreign bodies and that it looks shiny and healthy.
This can be done while sitting quietly watching TV. This is also a great time to do some grooming on the coat to keep the tangles out and also to look for fleas and ticks.
Also keep a close eye on your dogs weight. Any sudden fluxuations in weight can also indicate a potential health problem.
Check the ears frequently for signs of redness or irritation. If you see signs of strange discharge, or smell a foul odor, or your dog is scratching or shaking its head, there is a problem.
It is important to clean the ears frequently and to keep them dry and free of hair. Also keep in mind if your dog has a sudden change in hearing, this could indicate a problem.
It is ULTRA important to keep the area around the eyes clean. If you clean the area with non-alcoholic baby wipes once or twice a day it will help to keep down eye stains and bacteria. If you see excessive discharge, strange colored discharge, excessive tearing, pinkness or yellowing of the whites of the eyes, an opaque film covering the eye, a or change of vision seek vet care immediately.
Keep your dog clean and trimmed in the private areas. If you see any redness or irritation or strange discharge, consult your vet.
In some dogs the anal glands become impacted and need to be expressed. In this case you may see, redness, excessive licking, or dragging of the area on the flooring.
Keep an eye out for excessive licking, irritation, redness or discharge from the vulva or penis or abnormal bleeding. Also there could be a problem if your dogs penis stays visible for a longer than normal amount of time.
It is also very important to check for any abnormal lumps or bumps in these areas and the nipple areas of female dogs.
The more you perform the daily check the quicker you will become at it. You might even notice more bonding time with your dog while performing it. Remember that if you find anything out of the norm to take your dog for a vet check ASAP.
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